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Textbook Course

Exploring the World of Chemistry –
From Ancient Metals to High-Speed Computers

by John Hudson Tiner, published by Master Books.

For each chapter in the textbook we had a closer look at some of the things covered in the chapter, and did an experiment that related to the chapter. Most sessions were about an hour and a half long.



Related Experiment

Chapter 1 – Ancient Metals. Iron, lead, tin.


Experiment 1 – Iron Combustion. To see if iron will oxidise quickly (burn).

Chapter 2 – The Money Metals. Gold, silver, copper, plus mercury.


Experiment 2 – Copper Flame Test. T o use a flame test to check for the presence of copper in various substances.

Chapter 3 – The Search for Gold. Sulphur, carbon, phosphorus.


Experiment 3 – Match Rockets. To find out what the best design of match rocket is.

Chapter 4 – Gases in the Air. Hydrogen, oxygen (and carbon dioxide), nitrogen (and explosives).


Experiment 4 – Lime Water Test For CO2. To use lime water to detect CO2.

Chapter 5 – Electricity to the Rescue. Static electricity, batteries, electrolysis and electroplating.


Experiment 5 – Copper Plating a Coin. To use electricity and copper sulphate to copper plate a coin.

Chapter 6 – Search for Order. The periodic table of elements.


Experiment 6 – Separating Solids. To separate a mixture of three solid substances. To get used to working with chemicals and lab equipment like test tubes and a meths burner. (This experiment was done by an earlier group.)

Chapter 7 – Sunlight Shows the Way. Spectral lines.


Experiment 7 – Fire From Light. To make fire using sunlight. To test if it's easier to burn dark coloured paper.

Chapter 8 – The Electron Shows the Way. How electrons govern spectral lines, radiometers, oscilloscopes, and famous New Zealander Ernest Rutherford.


Experiment 8 – Radiometer. To investigate the effects of sunlight on a Crookes radiometer.

Chapter 9 – Compounds by Electrical Attraction. How gaining or losing electrons help atoms join with other atoms, sodium, chlorine, and lots about salt.


Experiment 9 – Calcium Carbide. To investigate some of the properties of calcium carbide.

Chapter 10 – Water.


Experiment 10 – Hidden Water. To observe colour changed when water is driven out of copper sulphate and cobalt chloride crystals, and when water is reabsorbed into the crystals.

Chapter 11 – Carbon and its Compounds. Carbon dioxide in particular.


Experiment 11 – Soot. To find which flame is the best at producing soot.

Demonstration – Dry Ice. A hands-on session exploring the properties of dry ice.

Chapter 12 – Organic Chemistry. Compounds that come from plants and animals.


Experiment 12 – BoPET. To investigate the properties of biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate polyester film, or boPET polyester film (commonly known by the brand name Mylar).

Chapter 13 – Nitrogen and Its Compounds. Explosives, acids and bases.


Experiment 13 – Urea Freeze Pack. To see if a urea (carbamide) and water "freeze pack" really gets to freezing temperatures.

Chapter 14 – Silicon and Its Compounds.


Experiment 14 – Silicon Amplification. To use a silicon transistor to make a touch switch to switch LEDs powered by a silicon solar panel.

Chapter 15 – Modern Metals. Aluminium in particular.


Experiment 15 – Hydrogen Boom. To see if hydrogen will seep out of rubber balloons. To produce a boom from hydrogen. (Lots of safety precautions with this one.)

Chapter 16 – Chemistry in Today's World. Famous chemists in history, distillation.


Experiment 16 – Chromatography. To use paper chromatography to separate inks into their base colours (component dyes).